A State Legal Services Authority has been established in each State and a High Court Legal Services Committee has been established in each High Court. District Legal Services Authorities, Taluk Legal Services Committees have been trained in districts and most Taluks to implement NALSA policies and instructions and provide free legal services to the population and conduct lok adalats in the state. In 1987, Parliament promulgated the Law on Legal Services Authorities, which entered into force on 9 November 1995, in order to create a uniform national network for the provision of free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of society on the basis of equal opportunities. The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) was established under the Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 to supervise and evaluate the implementation of legal aid programmes and to establish guidelines and principles for the provision of legal services under that Act. The Legal Services Committee of the Supreme Court was established to administer and implement the Legal Services Program in relation to the Supreme Court of India. Section 39A of the Constitution of India provides free legal aid for the poor and weaker sections of society and guarantees justice for all. Articles 14 and 22, paragraph 1, of the Constitution also require the State to ensure equality before the law and a legal system that promotes justice based on equal opportunities for all. Throughout the year, as part of preventive and strategic legal assistance, NALSA implements legal education programs through the State Legal Services. In some states, legal literacy programmes in schools and colleges and routine women`s empowerment programmes are organized annually, alongside rural legal literacy camps. Lok Adalat is one of the alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. It is a forum where disputes/cases pending before the courts or at the pre-trial stage are resolved amicably/compromised. Lok Adalat was granted legal status under the Legal Services Authorities Act of 1987.
Under this law, an arbitral award rendered by a Lok Adalat is considered a civil court and is final and binding on all parties and cannot be appealed to any court. First and foremost, state legal services authorities, district legal services, Taluk legal services committees, etc. were asked to regularly perform the following main functions: NALSA establishes policies, principles, guidelines, and establishes efficient and cost-effective systems for state legal service agencies to implement legal services programs throughout the country.